John Barry (1933 – 2011) was an English composer and conductor of film music. He composed the scores for 11 of the James Bond films between 1963 and 1987, and also arranged and performed the "James Bond Theme" to the first film in the series, 1962's Dr No. He wrote the Grammy- and Academy Award-winning scores to the films Dances with Wolves and Out of Africa, as well as the theme for the British television cult series The Persuaders!, in a career spanning over 50 years. Born in York, Barry spent his early years working in cinemas owned by his father. During his national service with the British Army in Cyprus, Barry began performing as a musician after learning to play the trumpet. He later developed an interest in composing and arranging music. He received many awards for his work, including five Academy Awards; two for Born Free, and one each for The Lion in Winter, Dances with Wolves and Out of Africa (both of which also won him Grammy Awards).